La cultura e la democrazia


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Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::doImageStyle() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1995

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Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::replaceKeyWordsInPopup() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1995

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Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::makeShareLink() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/saf-functions.php on line 375

Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::get_sites() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1989

Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::doImageStyle() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1995

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Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::replaceKeyWordsInURL() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1995

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Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::makeShareLink() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/saf-functions.php on line 375

Deprecated: Non-static method ShareAndFollow::get_sites() should not be called statically in /var/www/vhosts/lafinestrasulcortile.it/httpdocs/wp-content/plugins/share-and-follow/share-and-follow.php on line 1989

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Recentemente sono stati pubblicati i risultati di due indagini sull’istruzione primaria e la cultura in Italia, che [ma guarda un pò che strano] sono passati sotto silenzio. Secondo queste ricerche: «Cinque italiani su cento tra i 14 e i 65 anni non sanno distinguere una lettera da un’altra, una cifra dall’altra: sono analfabeti totali. Trentotto su cento lo sanno fare, ma riescono solo a leggere con difficoltà una scritta semplice e a decifrare qualche cifra. Trentatré superano questa condizione, ma qui si fermano: un testo scritto che riguardi fatti collettivi, di rilievo anche nella vita quotidiana, è oltre la portata delle loro capacità, un grafico con qualche percentuale è un’icona indecifrabile. Soltanto il 20 per cento della popolazione adulta italiana possiede gli strumenti minimi indispensabili di lettura, scrittura e calcolo necessari per orientarsi in una società contemporanea». Questa tendenza all’analfabetismo di ritorno riguarda tutte le società occidentali, ma in Italia il fenomeno ha un impatto drammatico. Tant’è vero che, ad esempio, siamo in coda all’Europa per lettura di libri e giornali. Secondo l’Istat più della metà degli italiani non legge nemmeno un libro all’anno, mentre la televisione resta il mezzo di comunicazione dominante. Inutile dire che l’homo videns, come l’ha definito Giovanni Sartori in un suo saggio, è assai più suggestionabile dalla propaganda e dalla demagogia, rispetto alla minoranza ancora affezionata alla parola scritta. Come sostiene il linguista Tullio De Mauro: «La democrazia vive se c’è un buon livello di cultura diffusa, altrimenti, le istituzioni democratiche – pur sempre migliori dei totalitarismi e dei fascismi  –  sono forme vuote. Quanti di noi hanno la possibilità di ragionare sui dati di fatto, partecipando alle scelte collettive con la possibilità di documentarsi sul senso di quelle scelte?»

Ecco quindi spiegati, in questo quadro di insieme, i recenti tagli al settore cultura operati dal PdL e la Lega. E’ l’ultimo atto di una politica che mira scientemente a colpire la cultura, mortificarla, banalizzare e sminuire il lavoro artistico e intellettuale, ridotto a roba per gente che non ha voglia di faticare. La crisi è usata per suscitare disprezzo nei confronti della cultura. Una strategia scellerata che consegna all’Italia un destino di declino e di imbarbarimento. Ieri l’associazione dell’autorialità cinetelevisiva 100autori ha deciso di occupare la Casa del Cinema proprio per denunciare «la pochezza di un governo che considera la cultura un elemento residuale e insieme di segno politico avverso di cui è auspicabile la chiusura per fallimento. Come per l’informazione, la ricerca, la scuola, anche il nostro settore è stato smontato pezzo per pezzo, giorno dopo giorno».

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