I Classici del Cinema – Rebecca, la Prima Moglie


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«La scorsa notte ho sognato di essere tornata a Manderley». Così inizia Rebecca, la Prima Moglie [1940], con un suggestivo prologo di 2 minuti raccontato dalla voce fuori campo della protagonista, a cui fa seguito un lunghissimo flashback che compone il resto del film. Una giovane e timida dama di compagnia sposa Maxim De Winter, un ricchissimo gentiluomo inglese e si trasferisce nella sua dimora, lo spettrale castello di Manderlay. Qui deve affrontare l’ostilità della signora Danvers, la gelida governante che vive nell’adorazione morbosa per la prima moglie del padrone. Il ricordo ossessivo di Rebecca e il mistero che circonda la sua tragica morte spingeranno la giovane sull’orlo della pazzia. Tratta – come sarà anche per Gli Uccelli – da un romanzo di Daphne du Maurier, la pellicola è uno dei massimi capolavori di Alfred Hitchcock, qui alla prima prova negli Stati Uniti. L’unica – strano a dirsi – capace di conquistare l’Oscar come miglior film.

Il regista introduce da subito il tema del sogno e stabilisce l’atmosfera onirica che pervade tutto il film, riuscendo a stemperare le tonalità melò del romanzo, con la suspence del giallo ed il gotico dell’ambientazione. La narrazione, frutto dei ricordi della seconda signora De Winter [a cui un’indimenticabile Joan Fontaine conferisce la perfetta dose di vulnerabilità ed insicurezza], è funzionale ad instaurare un clima obliquo di paranoia, all’interno di una cornice apparentemente romantica. Rebecca, la prima moglie è in effetti un formidabile gioco di apparenze ed inganni. Nulla e nessuno sono ciò che sembrano, tutto è equivoco, ambiguo. Il film stesso, che – come detto – coincide con il racconto che fa il personaggio della Fontaine, non può, per questo motivo, rispondere ai criteri oggettivi della realtà. I contenuti presenti, a cominciare proprio da quello del “doppio” [sviluppato successivamente in lavori come La Donna che Visse Due Volte e in Delitto per Delitto], per andare poi al condizionamento del passato, all’innocente accusato ingiustamente, al senso di colpa, al sogno, sono già quelli tipici della filmografia hitchcockiana. Il regista inglese, come poi succederà con il motel di Norman Bates in Psycho, connota il castello di Manderley di una tale forza da renderlo a tutti gli effetti un personaggio centrale della storia, capace di custodire i segreti di Rebecca – così incredibilmente presente nella sua assenza – e permeare l’intreccio di un’opprimente atmosfera da favola nera. Magistrale è la regia, estremamente raffinata nella messa in scena e abilissima nell’evidenziare la complessità psicologica della storia.

Questo post è catalogato in 40, cinema, classici, hitchcock. Vai al permalink.

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